Grand Meadow ISD 495‚Äč

710 4th Ave NE  PO Box 68  Grand Meadow, MN 55936  Phone: 507-754-5318  Fax: 507-754-5608

 
 
9th Grade Intro to Agriculture
 
Introduction:
This class is intended to explain the scientific principle behind the production of food and fiber.  All of modern agriculture is built on these principles, and it is through scientific inquiry that progress is made.  Science is constantly changing and staying knowledgeable about these changes is important in being able to make informed educated decisions about the food you eat, items you wear, and many things you buy. 
 
Course Description/Objectives:
 
This course will teach the science of how agriculture works.  Students will research current event topics, investigate the effects of farming on the environment, how wild life plays a part in agriculture, look at how genetic engineering is changing how we farm, how diseases affect production, and many other topics.  Students will be able to take a current event and explain how it relates/affects their life.
 
Course Content:
 
Chapter 1:  History of American Agriculture
  1.  Define science
  2. Tell how humans first began to use science
  3. Explain the concept of the scientific method
  4. Distinguish basic and applied science
  5. Cite scientific discoveries that have made food better, and less expensive for the consumer
 
Chapter 2:  Soil, The Source of Life
  1.  Explain the difference between organic and inorganic materials as it relates to soil
  2. Discuss the carbon cycle
  3. Discuss the different ways soils are formed
  4. Define the difference between acidity and alkalinity and the effect of each on the soil
  5. Analyze how soils are scientifically classified
  6. Explain the concept of an ecosystem
  7. Describe the balance of organisms in the soil
  8. Explain how physical properties affect soil fertility
 
Chapter 3:  The Science of Genetics
  1.  Explain how Mendel developed his theories of genetics
  2. explain the Mendelian Laws of genetics
  3. Analyze a Punnett square
  4. Discuss the makeup of chromosomes in a cell
  5. Discuss the process of DNA transfer
  6. Explain how hybrid plant varieties are developed
Chapter 4:  Genetic Engineering
  1.  Define genetic engineering
  2. define gene mutation
  3. explain the process of gene mapping
  4. Define recombinant DNA
  5. Analyze the methods used in gene splicing
  6. Assess society concerns about the use of genetic engineering
 
Chapter 5:  Plant and Animal Diseases
  1. Define diseases
  2. Distinguish between infectious and noninfectious disease
  3. Explain how pathogens cause disease
  4. Discuss how antibiotics were developed
  5. Explain how antibiotics work
  6. Explain how an animal’s immune system works
  7. Discuss how vaccines work
  8. Tell how plants resist disease
  9. Describe how disease is prevented
 
Chapter 6:  Weed Science
  1.  Distinguish between weed and nonweed plants
  2. Explain how weeds are classified
  3. Analyze the characteristics of weeds that make them difficult to control
  4. Cite examples of imported weeds
  5. Discuss how chemical herbicides work
  6. Explain how herbicides are selective in the plants they kill
  7. Discuss how biological agents can be used in weed control
  8. Discuss the concept of integrated pest management
 
Chapter 7:  Entomology
  1.  Discuss the relative size of the world’s insect population
  2. cite examples of the impact insects have had on the history of humans
  3. analyze the scientific classification of insects
  4. evaluate the different methods of insect control
 
Chapter 8: Agriculture and the Environment
  1.  Explain how the hydrological cycle is related to water storage
  2. distinguish between point and nonpoint sources of pollution
  3. Explain how soil erosion causes pollution
  4. Defend the preservation of wetlands
  5. Explain the dangers of water table depletion and conservation methods
 
Chapter 9:  A Safe Food Supply
  1.  Discuss the use of chemical preservatives in food
  2. distinguish between saturated and unsaturated fats
  3. Naturally occurring and implanted hormones in plants and animals
  4. How is cholesterol used in the body?
  5. How does organic food fit in our food supply?
 
Chapter 10:  Energy from Agriculture
  1.  Outline the need for new energy sources
  2. Describe current energy sources
  3. Explain the advantages of biofuels
  4. Describe how ethanol is made
  5. Outline the concerns about the use of biofuels
  6. Explain how biomass can be sued as an energy source
  7. Explain how methane is collected and used
  8. How are wind turbines producing energy?
 
Required Text and Supplies:
 
The Science of Agriculture:  A Biological Approach; 4th Edition; Ray V. Herren
 
Ipad, pen/pencil, folder, paper/notebook
 
Grading Criteria:
 
The grades for this class will be based on a combination of assignments, labs, quizzes, and tests.  Quarter grades will be based on the following:
                                     45% tests and quizzes
                                     45% assignments and labs
                                     10% Final Exam
A    100-94
A-    93-90
B+   89-87
B     86-84
B-    83-80
C+   79-77
C     76-74
C-    73-70
D+   69-67
D     66-64
D-   63-60
F  < 59
 
Student Requirements:
 
Attendance is a necessity to be successful in this class.  Students will be responsible for any work missed.  It is the student’s responsibility to meet with me prior to any known absences from class or upon immediate return to class in the event of an illness or emergency and make the necessary arrangements for all make-up work.
 
Class Room Rules:
 
  1.  Be on time
  2. Bring a writing utensil, your text book, a folder to keep your papers organized, and paper.
  3. I realize there are times you may need to be excused to go to the bathroom, however, this is disruptive to class.  I will not be able to halt class until you get back and there will be information that you miss.  I will allow 2 excused bathroom breaks per quarter.  You will be responsible for getting any information that you have missed from a fellow classmate.
  4. Cell phones, I really don’t like them.  They are to be in your pocket at all times.  If you are unable to keep it in your pocket it will become mine until the end of the day.  I don’t waste your time by checking my phone for messages/games/etc. and I don’t want you to waste my time.  It is rude!  If you are a repeat offender of having your phone out, 3 times or more, you will receive a detention.
  5. Be respectful to EVERYONE!!  The range of knowledge that people have on agriculture is huge.  There may be parts that everyone knows at least a little bit about and then there will be parts that not many know about.  I want conversation.  I want to take what you know and expand on it.  You will be amazed at how much agriculture affects your daily lives. 
 
 
 

2/1/2017


2/17/17 Genetics 1


2/6/17


Assignment Calendar


Chapter 1, Quiz 1


Dust Bowl Quiz 1